Vol 7, No 2 (2022)

Отечественная филология и методика преподавания

The functions of everyday life in the story of Y. Trifonov “Exchange” and ways of depicting it

Denisyuk A.A.


This article proceeds from the fact that the function of everyday life in the work of Yu.V. Trifonov is determined by insufficient study, as well as the category of everyday detail itself: both in linguistic and literary works, there is a noticeable vagueness in terminology, in determining the specifics and boundaries of the detail. In linguistics, there are fluctuations from understanding a detail as a microelement of a work to including several sentences or an entire paragraph in it (the criterion is relative semantic completeness) and isolating a smaller element from the detail – a detailed moment. Trifonov is scrupulous in describing the “flesh of time”: the appearance of household items, prices, portable items, apartment layouts. All people's connections are explicated through their life history. The author is alien to arbitrariness, the so-called artistic experiment. Trifonov's prose grows out of a memoir, a documentary testimony of an ordinary person living in history. For Trifonov, history is a closely woven network of such memoirs. Every “little thing of life” in Trifonov's art world is universal and multifunctional. Trifonov's multidirectional aspirations of the heroes are crossed on things; the thing checks the hero and organizes the plot. The dominant function of “checking the hero” enlarges the thing, gives it the status of a moral and philosophical “key” to the personality of the character, revealing his hidden moral potential or, on the contrary, depriving the hero of the mask of an intellectual. Thus, everyday detail, the particularity of human life, inconspicuous and at first glance insignificant, helps Trifonov to open the framework of the narrative and discover metaphysical depth in the structure of everyday life. Many critics have noted the fact that Trifonov's works are filled with everyday details, but their functions have still not been sufficiently considered.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):6-16
pages 6-16 views

Formation of bilingualism in the system of higher education of universities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

Kilimnik E.V.


The purpose of the proposed article is to analyze the prospects for the integration of the Russian higher education system into the European educational space. The relevance of the study lies in the fact that one of the main goals of modern education is the creation of a third-generation higher education system. It is argued that a university teacher should pay special attention to the definition of a new humanitarian and philological paradigm based on the cadet's commitment to the personal component, that is, the formation of an independent and responsible person involved in the educational process. The article highlights the key tasks facing the system of regional higher educational institutions, among which one of the main ones in the process of philological knowledge is the formation of multilingualism (bilingualism and trilingualism) at the university, i.e. knowledge by the cadet of Russian, national (if necessary) and foreign (English, German, Chinese, etc.) languages. In addition, other prospects for the development of regional education in educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia have been identified.

The theoretical and methodological basis of the study was the problem-axiological and anthropological approaches, as well as methods of analysis, synthesis and comparison. The novelty of the study lies in the fact that the integration of modern education is viewed through the prism of existing communications, the synthesis of institutional structures, the current socio-cultural situation, the philological orientation of education, the values that have arisen in the context of changes as a result of the evolution of society as a whole.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):17-28
pages 17-28 views

Studying works with moral issues in the secondary school (on the example of analysis of the problems of M.Yu. Lermontov's novel “Hero of our time”)

Levanova A.A.


In this article, the author answers topical questions related to the problems raised in works of art, the study of the essence of the concept of “problematics” and its varieties, as well as the moral issues that are revealed in works of art studied in high school, in particular, in the novel by M.Yu. Lermontov “A Hero of Our Time”. The author considers these issues not only at the theoretical, but also at the practical level, analyzing the actions of the main character of the novel “A Hero of Our Time” Pechorin. Also, in the course of the study, the author conducts a comparative analysis of several curricula in literature in order to identify the features of the methods used by modern methodists when revealing the problems of works of art in general and the novel “A Hero of Our Time” in particular. Based on the results of the study, the author comes to the conclusion that in modern school methods, considerable attention is paid to the study of works with moral issues. It has been established that the methods considered in the study are aimed at reaching an audience from grades 5 to 9, since it is during this period that the stage of formation of students' moral and aesthetic ideas about life and their choice of moral ideals falls. In addition, the results of the study were the selection of the moral issues of the novel by M.Yu. Lermontov “The Hero of Our Time” and the conclusion formed on its basis that the moral problems touched upon in the novel are based mainly on the main character's attitude both to life and to the people around him.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):29-38
pages 29-38 views

Study of russian hunting vocabulary: historical aspect

Levashov D.S.


Russian hunting vocabulary is special words and expressions used by hunters to refer to hunting realities. Such words and expressions are called special or professional vocabulary, and individual words are called professionalism. The vocabulary of the Russian hunting language is a unique natural thermo-system, the study of which is of interest for such sections of linguistics as terminology, lexicology, onomasiology, as well as for research in the field of cognitive linguistics and linguoculturology. Russian hunting vocabulary is an integral part of Russian hunting discourse. Her research was devoted to many works that examined different aspects of Russian hunting vocabulary. We can say that by now, out of all publications about Russian hunting vocabulary, a separate branch of knowledge has developed that has its own history. The article is devoted to the history of the study of Russian hunting vocabulary. The purpose of the article is to describe the history of studying special hunting words of the Russian language. The article is of a review nature: a look is given in retrospective of the topic of the study of hunting vocabulary. When creating the article, the following methods were used: content analysis, classification method and grouping. As a result, the history of the study of Russian hunting vocabulary was presented in the form of two stages: the stage of creating dictionaries and the stage of scientific development of hunting vocabulary. In addition, the article presents lexicographic and scientific works reflecting the history of the study of Russian hunting vocabulary, in the order of their publication and regarding their formal and meaningful characteristics. The results of the work may be of interest to specialists involved in the study of the Russian hunting language.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):39-48
pages 39-48 views

About some features of application of digital technologies in philological education at the present stage

Sanjyarova N.S., Tuleup M.M.


The article discusses the Governmental Program “Digital Kazakhstan”, its tasks and requirements for the digitalization in field of education. The active position of the Almaty University of Power engineering and Telecommunication named after Gumarbek Daukeev regarding educational digitalization is also described in the article. A comparison of different interpretations of the term “digitalization” showed that the lack of a single definition is explained by the fact that the terminology of digitalization is only in its beginning stage. Since the use of digital technologies is fraught with certain difficulties, not all representatives of the teaching staff have high digital literacy. This was the reason for the emergence of the popular theory of Mark Prensky, who singled out the generations of “digital natives” (youth) and “digital immigrants” (educators). There is an age-old conflict between these generations, which is expressed in the fact that the latter speak with an “accent” and at the same time want to be teachers of the former. However, research by scientists has shown that the superiority of “digital natives” over “digital immigrants” is somewhat exaggerated. “Digital literacy” does not depend on age, but on the breadth of thinking and courage in using digital technologies, which the “digital natives” themselves are far from equally proficient in. Despite this optimistic conclusion, “digital immigrants” should constantly work on their digital literacy, increase the level of digital competence. In this regard, the authors of the article believe that in order to overcome the complexes, the teacher should master the skills of an ambitious teacher who is always persistent and interested in mastering various innovations, including digital ones. As for the level of digitalization in the educational space of Kazakhstan, it is at the stage of formation and development. Scientists believe that in order to accelerate digitalization, high educational institutions of Kazakhstan should take a number of measures, which are also described in the article.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):49-64
pages 49-64 views

Иностранная филология и методика преподавания

Functional model of fictional text

Ashurova D.U.


The article is concerned with the problem of the functional potential of the fictional text, and its activation in the process of literary communication. The functions in terms of the basic, secondary and particular ones have been classified according to their conceptual significance. The functional model of the fictional text includes seven basic functions; aesthetic, communicative, stylistic, cognitive, social, cultural and interpretative, the first one playing the dominant role and subordinating others. The parameterization of the functional model has discovered it's basic characteristics: a) polyfunctionality manifested in multiple diversity of functions; b) hierarchical correlations of functions subdived into basic, secondary and particular functions; c) the formation of the “double” functions (communicative-pragmatic, cognitive-discursive, cognitive stylistic, sociocultural and others); d) two-level realization of the functional potential: at the level of language means and b) at the level of the whole text. The postulate of fiction polyfunctionality manifested in the system of hierarchical correlation of different types of functions which in combination form and integrated functional semantic field of the whole text, has been grounded. The distinctive features of the functional model of fiction have been outlined. They are: a) the usage of “doubled” functions conditioned by a complex, multidimensional and interdisciplinary nature of the fictional text; b) differentiation of functions according to the principle of their level realization (the level of the text and that of a linguistic unit): at the level of the whole text the basic functions are used while at the level of the linguistic unit different types of the secondary functions are realized; c) the cluster usage of different functions enhancing and intensifying the pragmatic effect of emotional or intellectual impact on the reader.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):65-78
pages 65-78 views

Peculiarities of representation of the image of an exceptional hero in K. Gir’s Timeless trilogy

Melnikova L.A.


The purpose of this article is to consider, by using the method of descriptive poetics, the features of revealing the image of an exceptional character in K. Gere's Timeless trilogy, which are closely related to the problem of growing up and becoming the personality of the main character Gwendolyn Shepherd. Endowing the latter with the ability to carry out the so-called “jumps into the past”, K. Gere not only recreates the realities of past eras, but also subjects the process of moral transformation of Gwendoline Shepherd to artistic comprehension. The fact that the latter has a unique gift, her encounter with a number of unusual circumstances contributes to the formation of an aura of exclusivity in the minds of her readers, which indicates the use by the German writer in the analyzed trilogy of the artistic principles of romanticism. At the same time, K. Gere endows his heroine with the features of a typical English teenager of the 2010s with rather stereotyped and stereotyped ideas about the peculiarities of life of people of the past centuries. However, it is through the representation of the point of view of Gwendoline Shepherd that the interaction of different time planes and people of different eras is recreated in the novels of the trilogy. The realization of the fantastic beginning in the texts under consideration, the correlation of the categories of the real and the unreal is carried out through the use by the writer of such an artistic detail as a chronograph. The solution to the question of how to use the device that allows you to move in time becomes for Gwendolyn Shepherd a kind of exam for morality and humanity. Emphasizing by the writer of such qualities of the central character as the rejection of selfish interests, the desire to show mercy and do good deeds reinforce the didactic pathos of the novels of the trilogy and emphasize their main idea - to avoid blind faith in the fatalistic predestination of events and to cultivate in oneself the spirit of struggle with adverse life circumstances.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):79-89
pages 79-89 views

The model of integration of traditional and distance learning of foreign languages at high school level

Trubina Z.I., Melnikova I.Y.


The paper discusses the technology of «remote learning», namely one of its models - the integration of traditional and distance learning. This technology is based on the transfer of certain types of activities and part of the study material into a distance form. The subject of the study is the features of the integration of traditional and distance learning forms of English language teaching in high school. The aim of this research is to consider the theoretical aspects of distance learning and develop methodological recommendations for the integration of traditional and distance forms of foreign language teaching in high school. The theoretical significance of the work is determined by the fact that it makes a certain contribution to the methodological development and systematization of the study of distance learning, including the introduction of this form in the conditions of online interaction, which can be used for teaching other subjects and languages. The practical significance of the study consists in the possibility of using the model of integration of traditional and distance forms of education directly in foreign language lessons, as well as an additional material for improving the qualifications of teachers on the stated issues. The methodological basis of the research includes the works of G. A. Bordovsky, M. V. Klarin, S. L. Lobachev, M. H. Lutfillaev, E. S. Maslakov, E. I. Mashbits, R. P. Milrud, A.V. Khutorskoy, and others devoted to the didactic aspects of computerization of education. The works of T. Anderson, A.V. Bykov, C. Wedemeyer, L. I. Zheludkova, V. Kukharenko, N. Morse, M. Moore, V. Ovsyannikov and others should also be noted. The research methods are the analysis of psychological, pedagogical and methodological literature on the topic, logical argumentation, proof, generalization, justification, synthesis, reflection, description.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):90-112
pages 90-112 views

General linguistics

Theolinguistics: justification of the term

Galieva M.R.


The article aims to substantiate the expediency of using the term “Theolinguistics” for the nomination of a new linguistic discipline aimed at studying the interaction of language and religion. Critical analysis of theoretical literature has shown great terminological differences in linguistic works devoted to the study of language and religion such as: religious language, sacred language, the faith language, liturgical language, religious-preaching style, religious style, church-religious style, biblical style, ; confessional style, spiritual speech, religious communication, orthodox linguistics, religiolect, and Theolinguistics. This is conditioned by the following reasons: 1) the complex and multidimensional character of research, which should take into account the data of two spheres of knowledge: linguistics and theology; 2) blurring boundaries between object and subject of language units under study within the discipline investigating the problems language and religion interaction; 3) the uncertainty of the status and nomination of the discipline, aimed to study the relationships between language and religion; 4) inconsistency in the terminological apparatus and metalanguage of the discipline aimed to study the correlations between language and religion.

The scientific novelty of the study is conditioned by critical analysis of a number of linguistic terms used in the theoretical research and scientific literature done in the framework of studying the relationships between language and religion. The results of the analysis of the linguistic literature on this issue show that in linguistic science the followings can be observed: 1) the usage of diverse terms in the researches aimed at studying the interaction of language and religion; 2) the ambiguity in the interpretation of a particular linguistic term used to indicate scientific problem related to language and religion interaction; 3) the need to develop a unified terminology in the field of research aimed to investigate the relationships between language and religion.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):113-125
pages 113-125 views

The sociologization of the concept of the inner form of the word by Gustav Speth and Vladimir Bibikhin

Markov A.V.


Speth’s (Gustav Spet/Speth/Späth) theory of language, which subjects W. von Humboldt's linguistics, rooted in the semantic production of Indo-European languages, to phenomenological criticism, problematizes the limits of linguistic expression. For Speth, the inner form of the word is not just a matter of etymological image, capable of generating other, more efficacious images, actualized in poetic invention. Speth understands the poetic already on the basis of the distinction between the content of consciousness and the object of consciousness in the school of F. Brentano, and therefore interprets poetic speech as a resource of constant interpretation of language data. Inner form then turns out to be the very content of consciousness that exists before interpretations - whereas interpretation is produced by the very energy of language, by its social existence itself, and the social being of language coincides with the making of stable images with a form of their own. Ways of writing, then, may not be limited to the familiar script, but may convey a sustained syntax of the imagination that differs from the school syntax that goes back to the Aristotelian understanding of predication. Speth's rejection of the doubling of consonants within a morpheme and V. Bibikhin's rejection of the comma as a separating rather than intonational sign belongs to the general line of rejection of the separation of the similar, which contradicts the new understanding of the sociality of language. Bibikhin sees Speth as an administrator, but of a new type, knowing the internal form as the basis of correct scientific production and giving ritual duty to the internal form, whereas Potebnya took ritual seriously. But this administrative experience is what allowed Spet to formulate all those prerequisites for a sociological understanding of internal form, which Bibikhin interprets in light of Speth’s biography. Understanding Speth as a virtuous administrator, Bibikhin reveals Speth’s doctrine of internal form as a doctrine of the creation of new disciplinary boundaries, as opposed to the avant-garde overcoming of boundaries. A close reading of Shpeth’s work shows that his particular apophatic approach to inner form was the source of the generation of new disciplines and practices within disciplines, which Bibikhin understood as the project of a new Renaissance, the rebirth of productive scholarship.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(2):126-136
pages 126-136 views

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