Vol 7, No 1 (2022)

Отечественная филология и методика преподавания

Coherent experiment in the lyrics of Dmitry Bykov: reception experience

Bezrukov A.N.


Modern lyrics in the unfolding of the main names are many-sided and diverse. The main guidelines of this literary form are aimed at aesthetically overcoming the dialogue with the indisputable classics, however, a number of authors create an oppositional version, form a new, alternative view of reality. The lyrics of Igor Guberman, Vladimir Stepanov, Igor Irtenyev, Olga Sedakova, Denis Osokin, Vera Pavlova, Dmitry Bykov look original, in their own way, in the mode of transformation of meanings. The lyrical narrative of these authors becomes the sphere of reduplications. In addition to the meaning, which tends to the transcendent canvas, there is also an internal highway, focused on a more subtle manifestation of the author's position. Contrasting from the presented series of poets is the name of Dmitry Bykov, who raises acute social issues, oppositional puts the extremes of the present. The methodology of text analysis in this work correlates with the principles of empirical evaluation, receptive aesthetics. Released in 2021, Dmitry Bykov's collection “Draw. 20:20” becomes the literary base of the article. It seems that D. Bykov creates a kind of coherent experiment in this collection, because most of the forms are “response to modern events”, “an oppositional word”, “supposed dialogue / contact”, “created conceivable perspective”, “spiritual rebirth”, “real story”. It seems that the formal component of Dmitry Bykov's lyrics does not obscure the semantic parallelism. On the contrary, the poet's voice sounds indifferent, passionate, holistic, convergent. The material can be useful in the study of the literary process of the early twentieth century, the latest poetry, the work of Dmitry Bykov. The objective component of the work is aimed at determining a number of aesthetic, ideological, literary preferences of the specified author. Thus, the article is an attempt to verify the artistic markers of modernity, to combine them with the unchanging sphere of classical lyrics.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):6-18
pages 6-18 views

Manipulation of human consciousness in the information and communication space in V. Pelevin's novel “Helmet of horror: Creatifff about Theseus and the Minotaur”

Bryzgalova V.V.


In the domestic culture of the beginning of the 21st century, the crisis of value attitudes of a modern person, whose consciousness is subject to manipulation, has aggravated. The phenomenon of manipulation of consciousness has its own history, but it gained particular strength in the 20th century, when the media, art, and advertising became the main conductors of power. And by the beginning of the 21st century, the information and communication space becomes the main tool for manipulating human consciousness. The flourishing of technologies and forms of manipulation of consciousness in the virtual space becomes the leading theme of V. Pelevin's novel “The Helmet of Horror: Creatiff about Theseus and the Minotaur” (hereinafter: “The Helmet of Horror”). In this article, the novel is interpreted through a comparison with the technology of manipulation. Such an approach to interpreting the author's intention of the novel helps to reveal the features of the phenomenon of manipulation of consciousness in the history and national culture of the early 21st century, to trace the reflection of manipulation technology in the text of the novel, to analyze the signs and methods of manipulation that the author describes. V. Pelevin exposes the technology of manipulation of human consciousness, which encourages him to make a choice that is beneficial for the authorities. The manipulative technologies described in the novel displace traditional human values. The author not only reflects this socio-cultural problem of the early 21st century, but also poses the moral problem of preserving a person's own identity and freedom of choice in the context of the total impact of information and communication technologies on an individual and society as a whole. The novel by V. Pelevin “The Helmet of Horror” is relevant, it causes endless debate: is there a future for the generation that is trying to find a way out of the Labyrinth of the modern crisis era.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):19-29
pages 19-29 views

From the experience of holding the regional olympiad of schoolchildren in native languages and literature of the indigenous peoples of the north in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra

Ivanova T.A.


This article is an analytical review of the main stages of organizing and holding a regional Olympiad for schoolchildren of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra in native languages and literature of the indigenous peoples of the North. The goal is to focus the attention of not only teachers, specialists in the field of education, but also the entire public as a whole on the problem of preserving native languages in modern conditions through various forms of activity, in particular, holding an Olympiad for schoolchildren in native languages and literature of the indigenous peoples of the North. To show the role of the Olympiad as one of the means of the work of the school and teachers to identify gifted students who strive for greater knowledge of their native language, culture and its preservation. The article presents information and analytical materials of the Olympiad for schoolchildren in native languages and literature of the indigenous peoples of the North in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra for three years (2019, 2020, 2021). Attention is focused on the format of the Olympiad. Since 2017, the regional stage of the Olympiad for schoolchildren in native languages and literature has been held in full-time format using distance technologies. When writing the article, the reporting documentation on the results of the Olympiads was used (final protocols with rating tables attached, summary evaluation sheets, analytical reports of the jury), including the effectiveness of the participants in the Olympiad tasks, analysis of the developed tasks and analysis of the quality of the Olympiad tasks in native languages. The reasons for the decline in the quality of the performance of Olympiad tasks in native languages and ways and methods to improve the quality of assignments and involve more students in the Olympiad are considered.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):30-42
pages 30-42 views

Lyrical hero of V. Mayakovsky: “double”, “many-face” or “game”?

Kultysheva O.M.


Different literary critics at different times pointed to the same fact - the versatility of the manifestations of the lyrical hero V. Mayakovsky, openly declared in his poetry. Loneliness, unrequited love, autobiography, personal specificity of the lyrical hero, opposition to the “crowd” of people alien to him and then - focus on the fate of the people of Russia, pain for the fate of millions and the desire to merge his “I” with the multi-million “we” ... The “versatility” of the poet as a real feature of Mayakovsky in the Russian literary process was pointed out by P. Pilsky, the constant opponent of Mayakovsky, and the emigrant R. Yakobson, and the Soviet critic V. Alfonsov, who considered the repeatedly and persistently repeated “double” image-formula to be characteristic of the poet his lyrical hero. All three, speaking of the diversity of Mayakovsky's creative manifestations, at the same time had in mind different reasons for such diversity. R. Yakobson revered his nature for the many-sidedness inherent in Mayakovsky the poet and Mayakovsky the man (in other terminology - diversity), Pilsky erected him not to the personal (qualitative) features of Mayakovsky, but to his desire for play, theatricality, change, on different terminologies, poses, roles, masks; to the demonstrativeness of the image he created. The “double” formula of Mayakovsky’s lyrical hero, put forward by V. Alfonsov, like the concept of many-sidedness defended by Jacobson, deduced the versatility of Mayakovsky’s poetic image from the features of his personality, believing it, however, not many-sided, but only dual . The article discusses each of the three concepts in relation to Mayakovsky's lyrical hero (doubling, diversity, play), and provides arguments for and against each theory.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):43-60
pages 43-60 views

Mandelstam and Aloysius Bertrand: a question of interpretation

Markov A.V.


O. Mandelstam's poem “Like chiaroscuro Martyr Rembrandt…” combines ekphrasis, testament of the poet, and declaration of social position: this combination has posed difficulties for interpreters. A number of obscure images, such as imprisonment, wealth, or a tribe of associates, are convincingly interpreted as Mandelstam’s deduction of his own biography from the circumstances of Rembrandt’s life, but this explain neither the expressive poetics nor the place of the Calvary plot among other life-plots. I suggest that one of the poems by the French Romanticist Aloysius Bertrand, “Gaspard de la nuit,” which is a synopsis of the images of Gothic novels, should be considered a key to the poem. Bertrand’s poem in prose contains the main images of Mandelstam’s poem in a short, and it may well be considered, if not a pretext of Mandelstam’s text, then one of the keys that clarify its plot. Thus, Bertrand understands the dark light of the crucifixion as an impression of the window frame at night, the searing pain as the onset of midnight, the guards and warriors as the presence of the ancestors and the curse associated with them, and the treasure as a hint of hell and incest. Thus the plot of Mandelstam’s poem is not to be reduced to a willingness to give up earthly goods and accept martyrdom in imitation of Christ, nor to a willingness to share noble poverty with friends. This plot, from Bertrand’s key, is reconstructed as follows: midnight threatens with nightmares, and the chief of these nightmares is the sensation of burning pain, the pain of conscience or the pain of the unfulfilled, with the onset of midnight. After this reflection on time passes into a dreamlike experience of what is happening, into a series of fantasies pointing to former treasures of life and to former impressions of art. In this dream experience, human brotherhood can only be experienced as a communion with shadows and therefore an inevitable bodily martyrdom. In the poem, Mandelstam reassembled Gothic Romantic symbols and emotional modes to distinguish between the subjective relationship to martyrdom and the objective martyrdom defined by the autonomies of art, soul, and body.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):61-69
pages 61-69 views

Creative hobby S.F. Platonov-school student

Mitrofanov V.V.


Sergei Fedorovich Platonov (1860-1933) – Russian and Soviet historian, teacher. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences in the Historical and Philological Department, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. At first, he did not think about devoting himself to history, he wrote poetry and dreamed of a career as a professional writer.Much in the life of S.F. Platonov of the last years of the gymnasium period remains unknown. It is to this period that researchers have turned today. And it turned out that at that time young Platonov had diverse interests, primarily in the field of poetry, theater hobbies. It was during these years that there were meetings with people, communication with whom had a great impact on the formation of his worldview and hobbies. Such acquaintances should include meetings with E.N. Kalaidovich, V.N. Berkut, V.F. Kenevich, a high school literature teacher widely known in scientific circles for his works in the field of wing studies. It is about close communication with these people, already being a mature man, a world-renowned scientist, S.F. Platonov will write many warm lines in his biographical works. Not only long conversations were conducted with V.F. Kenevich, he was initiated by a high school student of the Bychkov gymnasium into his poetic experiments. And acquaintance with individual poems caused him enthusiastic responses.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):70-78
pages 70-78 views

The theme of historical memory in a poem A.A. Akhmatova “Requiem”

Terekhova Z.S.


At the turn of the last and the century before last, although not literally chronologically, on the eve of the revolution, in an era shaken by two world wars, perhaps the most significant “female” poetry in the entire world literature of the new time, the poetry of Anna Akhmatova, arose and developed in Russia. The closest analogy that arose already among her first critics was the ancient Greek love singer Sappho: young Akhmatova was often called Russian Sappho. However, it is impossible to reduce all of Akhmatova's work to a love theme. There is also a clearly expressed patriotic orientation in it. Anna Akhmatova's poem “Requiem” is a folk tragedy, which, in terms of its subject matter and issues, is still relevant today. They reflect the feelings of all people who have ever lost a loved one and experienced difficult historical events. This is a burning pain from injustice and a protest against violence against people, in particular against prisoners and people who survived the war. The lines of this work contain suffering from separation, but they allow you to share your sadness with others, let you see that you are not alone in your grief, which means that good will win and darkness is not eternal. In the center of the poem “Requiem” the lyrical heroine is a woman who stands idle in prison lines, waiting for her son's sentence, looking for a meeting with him. It is known that the son of Anna Andreevna was arrested twice. The second time he was sentenced to exile in Siberia for 10 years. The queues under the prisons testified that there were a lot of mothers, wives, sisters who survived the loss. Describing her experiences, Anna Andreevna showed the grief of all women.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):79-85
pages 79-85 views

The concept and essence of forensic linguistic expertise

Khomichenko O.V.


In this article, we proceed from the fact that the concept of "linguistic expertise" can be considered in two aspects, linguistic and legal. The distinction of these aspects is important both in a scientific and practical sense, since at each of these levels linguistic expertise differs in tasks, methods and techniques, objects of research and the status of the subject of research. Linguistic expertise as a process of studying linguistic phenomena, inextricably linked with new knowledge about the language, has a heuristic, proactive, exploratory nature, therefore it is not able to solve specific expert tasks. The differentiation of linguistic and legal levels in forensic linguistic expertise will ensure that the result of the study meets the requirements of relevance, admissibility and reliability imposed by law on evidence. The essence of forensic linguistic expertise is revealed through the concept of special linguistic knowledge. Special knowledge is traditionally understood as knowledge obtained as a result of professional education (training) and practical experience that goes beyond general education and everyday experience, knowledge that is not well-known and generally available, does not have universal, mass distribution, which is available to a limited circle of knowledgeable people who have received special training. As a result of the influence of scientific knowledge on people's daily lives and the development of society, the ratio of well-known and specialized knowledge is constantly changing. The totality of special knowledge defines the boundaries of an expert specialty within the framework of professional training of experts. Currently, it has become commonplace to use unqualified and unscrupulous linguistic expertise in investigative and judicial practice, the authors of which, without special knowledge and without knowledge of the methodology and procedures of expert analysis, make judgments on issues on which human destinies depend.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):86-98
pages 86-98 views

Иностранная филология и методика преподавания

Teaching english for specific purposes: innovations and perspectives (using online platforms)

Emelyanova S.A.


The article is devoted to the review of innovations in teaching English for specific purposes (ESP). The analysis is focused on implementing new digital technologies. Specialized online platforms make it possible to widen opportunities to implement new modes of language teaching techniques. Online resources can help the ESP teacher find some effective ideas to train students with new professional vocabulary while speaking, reading and listening. Internet platforms give a good chance for the time-set repeating of the vocabulary through personally oriented audio and video scenarios. Mass open online courses (MOOC) can both assist to teach-learn ESP by researching professional fields and to get professional skills by using foreign language platforms. Some popular online platforms allow the ESP teacher to create their own courses not only for education purposes but also for sale. A proper language environment can be set by integrating teaching-learning the language with elements of social networking at the ESP online platforms. The students’ professional communication here goes in some very realistic sociocultural conditions. A good example is the Englishdom.com platform. The peculiarities of the platform are revealed through observing its structure, key components and the potential to use the didactic tools.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):99-107
pages 99-107 views

Linguistic pecularities of the concept “pandemic” in the english-language newspaper discourse (based on medical articles)

Filistova N.Y., Pozdnyakova S.D.


This article examines the lexical means of verbal representation of the concept “Pandemic” on the basis of English-language newspaper medical articles. The relevance of the article lies in the subject itself – the pandemic, which appeared in late 2019 and early 2020 and continues to these days. This phenomenon is of interest for linguistic research, since important social phenomena are always reflected in the language and speech of both an individual country and the whole of humanity. The coronavirus pandemic has become just such a phenomenon. The purpose of our work is to establish verbalization units of the concept “Pandemic” in English-language newspaper articles on coronavirus topics that are devoted to medicine. To achieve this goal, the following research methods were used in our study: collection and analysis of the receiving information, the method of definitional analysis, the method of continuous sampling, descriptive method, statistical method, and also elements of conceptual analysis. In the theoretical part of our article, we consider the most important terms that are important for further understanding of the content: the newspaper kind of journalistic discourse and the concept. In the practical part, the research itself is presented: highlighting the concept of “Pandemic”, giving definitions of the meaning of this concept, selecting and describing frames of the concept of “Pandemic” from newspaper articles, conducting statistical analysis and summarizing the results of the research done. The novelty of the study lies in the fact that linguistic works on the studied aspect of the concept “Pandemic” have not been previously presented in scientific publications. The practical significance of this article lies in the fact that its materials and conclusions can be used in the further study of the verbalization of the concept “Pandemic” in other spheres of public life. The article is an attempt to describe the means of linguistic verbalization of the concept under study.

Nizhnevartovsk Philological Bulletin. 2022;7(1):108-115
pages 108-115 views

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